MT. TAMBORA BY ISMAEL AND TYLER


Materials List:

Clay
Coke
Mentos
Food Colouring
Digital Camera
Paper
Pen
Paper towels
A table/desk
Baking Soda
Vinegar
Bottles

Big bowl
some tiny trees
sand
rocks



We Have

Play-Doh
Digital Camera
Bottles
Spray paint-black & brown(

Coke
Mentos



We Need

None






Our Sketch

Mt_Tambora004.jpg

Mt.Tambora


Mt. Tambora from a space ship.

tambora.jpg


Notes

- If you are away try to go on the wiki at home.

Daily Work Log

April 16th 2008- DUE DATE


April 15th 2008- today we finished our volcano and now ismael and tyler are going to work and finish our wiki. Lets hope we get a good mark tomorrow

April 10th 2008- Today we had no materials to work on our project so we decided to work on our wiki. Tyler Found more information and put it on our wiki. Ismael stared working on a slide show and it is almost done! Tyler will take the project home on the weekend and will work on the project!


April 8th,2008- today ismael and Tyler started building their project and did good for a block.

April 4th 2008- Today Ismael and Tyler started thinking on how where going to build our volcano project. Ismael was going to make a poll but couldn't figure out how to post it on our page. Ismael also found another video also Tyler did too.

April 3rd 2008- Today after school Tyler worked on the sketch and finished also Ismael did the items that we are going to use and we have a good idea on how its going to look like!!!!!
Ismael also edited our page and searched for videos to put on our page.


April 2nd 2008- Today Ismael and Tyler Worked on our research and Tyler Uploaded a image and Ismael Found a Picture too.

April 1st 2008- Ismael was away today and Tyler was researching on Mt. Tambora. Tyler did todays daily work log.

March 31st 2008- Ismael and Tyler changed our volcano from Picchu Picchu to Mount Tambora and Tyler did the Daily Work Log and Ismael researching Mount Tambora's history.



Facts about Mt. Tambora


- Mount Tambora is about 2,850 meters high
- The location of Mount Tambora is in Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
- The type of volcano Mount Tambora is a strato volcano
- The last epruption from Mount Tambora was in 1967 but it's still active
- Mount Tambora was formed by the active subduction zones beneath it.
- This raised Mount Tambora as high as 4,300 meters.
- Mount Tambora is one of theTallest volcanoes in Indonesia.
-In the year 1815 Mount Tambora erupted and then it caused 1816 to have a year without a summer
-Daily minimum temperatures were abnormally low in the northern hemisphere from late spring to early autumn. Famine was widespread because of crop failures.
-Mount Tambora when it eprupted is was the most dangerous in the historic time
.
Eruptions

Year

Column
height (km)

VEI

N. hemisphere
summer anomaly (°C)

Fatalities

Mount Vesuvius

79

30

5

?

>2000

Taupo

186

51

7

?



Baekdu

969

25

6–7

?

?

Kuwae

1452

?

6

−0.5

?

Huaynaputina

1600

46

6

−0.8

≈1400

Tambora

1815

43

7

−0.5

  • 71,000
Krakatau

1883

25

6

−0.3

36,600

Santamaría

1902

34

6

no anomaly

7,000–13,000

Katmai

1912

32

6

−0.4

2

Mt. St. Helens

1980

19

5

no anomaly

57

El Chichón

1982

32

4–5

?

  • 2,000
Nevado del Ruiz

1985

27

3

no anomaly

23,000

Pinatubo

1991

34

6

−0.5

120

Information





A volcano lies in Indonesia that has proven to be the most deadly on earth. A massive eruption, huge pyroclastic flows and environmental effects made the tambora volcano responsible for the deadliest eruption in recorded history. This paper will first introduce the geological characteristics of Tambora, and then tell the story of the massive destruction in 1815. The after effects of the eruption are even more tragic. The geological characteristics of Tambora are interesting and may explain the size of destruction it laid.

Tambora erupted in 1815 with a rating of seven on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, making it the largest eruption since the Lake Taupo eruption in AD 181.[4] The explosion was heard on Sumatravolcanic ash falls were observed as far away as Borneo, Sulawesi, Java and Maluku islands. The death toll was at least 71,000 people, of whom 11,000–12,000 were killed directly by the eruption;[4] the often-cited figure of 92,000 people killed is believed to be an overestimate.[5] The eruption created global climate anomalies; 1816 became known as the Year Without a Summer because of the effect on North American and European weather. Agricultural crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century.[4]

Using radiocarbon dating technique, it has been established that Mount Tambora had erupted three times before the 1815 eruption, but the magnitudes of these eruptions are unknown.[14] Their estimated dates are 3910 BC ± 200 years, 3050 BC and AD 740 ± 150 years. They were all explosive central vent eruptions with similar characteristics, except the lattermost eruption had no pyroclastic flows.
In 1812, Mount Tambora became highly active, with its eruptive peak in the catastrophic explosive event of April 1815.[14] The magnitude was seven on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) scale, with a total tephra ejecta volume of 1.6 × 1011 cubic metres.[14] It was an explosive central vent eruption with pyroclastic flows and a caldera collapse, causing tsunamis and extensive land and property damage. It created a long-term effect on global climate. This activity ceased on 15 July 1815.[14] Follow-up activity was recorded in August 1819 consisting of a small eruption (VEI = 2) with flames and rumbling aftershocks, and was considered to be part of the 1815 eruption.[4] Around 1880 ± 30 years, Tambora went into eruption again, but only inside the caldera.[14] It created small lava flows and lava dome extrusions. This eruption (VEI = 2) created the Doro Api Toi parasitic cone inside the caldera.[15]
Mount Tambora is still active. Minor lava domes and flows have been extruded on the caldera floor during the 19th and 20th centuries.[1] The last eruption was recorded in 1967.[14] However, it was a very small, non-explosive eruption (VEI = 0).
island (more than 2,000 km or 1,200 mi away). Heavy


-
-